Four years after leaving the space community disheartened, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is preparing for the highly anticipated launch of Chandrayaan 3. This third mission to the Moon aims to achieve a soft landing, positioning India among the exclusive club of nations that have accomplished this feat.
Overcoming Past Setbacks: Learning from Chandrayaan-2’s Experience
Recalling the disappointment of Chandrayaan-2’s failed soft landing in 2019, ISRO is determined to turn the tide and ensure a successful mission this time. Memories of Prime Minister Narendra Modi consoling the then ISRO chief K Sivan are still fresh. Now, with lessons learned and extensive preparations, the team aspires to master the technique of soft-landing on the lunar surface.
Pushing Boundaries: Advancements in Lunar Exploration with Chandrayaan 3
Chandrayaan-3 represents a significant leap forward in lunar exploration. As part of the fourth operational mission of the LVM3 launcher, this mission seeks to accomplish a soft landing while also conducting rotations on the lunar terrain. The scientific and technological advancements achieved through Chandrayaan-3 will pave the way for future interplanetary missions.
Countdown Begins: Preparations for the Momentous Launch
With the launch date set for July 14, the countdown for Chandrayaan 3 is about to commence. The Satish Dhawan Space Center is abuzz with activity as the launch vehicle is integrated into the Launch Mission Complex. A comprehensive “Launch Rehearsal” has recently taken place, simulating the entire launch process, ensuring that no stone is left unturned in preparation for the historic event.
The ‘Fat Boy’ Rocket: LVM3’s Role in Carrying Chandrayaan 3
The ‘Fat Boy’ LVM3-M4 rocket, fondly named by ISRO scientists for its remarkable heavylift capability, will serve as the carrier for Chandrayaan-3. Standing tall at 43.5 meters, this rocket has a successful track record of six consecutive missions. It consists of three modules: the propulsion module, lander module, and rover, all integral to the mission’s success.
Towards the Geo Transfer Orbit: Objectives of Friday’s Mission
The fourth operational flight of LVM3 is scheduled to launch the Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft into the Geo Transfer Orbit. This complex mission showcases the versatility of the LVM3 vehicle, capable of carrying out intricate tasks such as multi-satellite and interplanetary missions. The launch window in July is strategically chosen, taking advantage of the favorable Earth-Moon proximity.
The South Pole Destination: Chandrayaan 3’s Quest for Water Presence
Chandrayaan-3 aims to achieve a soft landing in the Moon’s south pole region, a significant departure from its predecessor. The selection of this location is driven by its larger size compared to the north pole and the possibility of water presence in the permanently shadowed areas. Exploring this region holds great scientific value and presents new opportunities for future lunar missions.
Aiming Higher: Study of Earth from the Lunar Orbit
In addition to a successful soft landing, Chandrayaan-3 carries the SHAPE payload, enabling the study of spectro-polarimetric signatures of Earth from the lunar orbit. This scientific endeavor exemplifies the mission’s broader objectives, expanding our understanding of our own planet while exploring the Moon.
The upcoming launch of Chandrayaan 3 marks a pivotal moment in India’s space exploration journey. With a renewed focus on achieving a soft landing and pushing the boundaries of lunar exploration, ISRO’s preparations and determination signal a mission poised for success. As the countdown begins and the ‘Fat Boy’ rocket stands ready, the world eagerly awaits India’s next steps in unlocking the mysteries of the Moon.